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首页>《中国测试》期刊>本期导读>介电常数法评定舰用汽轮机油分水性能研究

介电常数法评定舰用汽轮机油分水性能研究

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作者:王建华, 张博

作者单位:中国人民解放军92228部队, 北京 100072


关键词:介电常数;汽轮机油;分水性;评定方法


摘要:

基于油水混合电介质的介电常数与水分离的变化规律,利用介电常数法评定主流舰用汽轮机油的分水性能,测定油样的破乳化时间和分水后油层的含水量,分析电容变化率与分水时间的关系,以及油层微观形貌,目的是研究介电常数法评定汽轮机油分水性的可靠性。研究发现,介电常数法能够判定舰用汽轮机油的破乳化时间,且具有较好的重复性;因某些汽轮机油组分的抗水洗性能差,油水混合后会在电介质中引入带电离子,致使电容器测量精度受到巨大影响。


Investigation on water separation characteristics of ship turbine oils based on dielectric constant method
WANG Jianhua, ZHANG Bo
Unit No. 92228 of PLA, Beijing 100072, China
Abstract: Based on the physical relation between dielectric constant and electric capacity volume, and the oil-water mixture dielectric constant and water separation change law, the water separation characteristics of mainstream ship turbine oils were estimated by dielectric constant method. Oils' demulsification time and moisture content of oils layer after oil-water separation were estimated. They were analyzed that the relation between change rate of electric capacity volume and water separation time and SEM of oils layer after oil-water separation. The results shows that it is dielectric constant method that can determine the turbine oils' demulsification time, which has a good repeatability; because of the poor anti water scrubbing performance of a sort of constituent in some turbine oils, changed ions will be brought in the dielectric.
Keywords: permittivity;turbine oil;water separation characteristic;estimation method
2019, 45(9):130-137  收稿日期: 2017-12-08;收到修改稿日期: 2018-11-16
基金项目:
作者简介: 王建华(1970-),男,江苏溧阳市人,研究员,博士,主要从事润滑设计、润滑剂研制以及润滑剂性能评定研究
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