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首页>《中国测试》期刊>本期导读>岩土中热式渗流测量初探

岩土中热式渗流测量初探

129    2019-07-26

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作者:张超, 李青, 程一峰, 刘章杰

作者单位:中国计量大学机电工程学院, 浙江 杭州 310018


关键词:岩土;渗流;微小测量;热传递


摘要:

岩土内部的渗透(孔隙)水压力采用渗压计测量,进而进行渗流监测,其测量的是标量,存在动态响应差、量程小、非直接测量等缺陷,难以满足岩土中渗流监测发展的需求。鉴于此,该文设计一种基于热扩散原理的远程在线渗流计,主要由电源模块、温度检测模块、恒功率加热模块、显示模块组成;由三线制铂电阻恒流源测温电路检测进出水两端温度差,检测结果返回显示到STM32并经过RS-485总线传至主机进行数据分析。实验结果表明,该渗流计可实现在线监测岩土中的渗流情况,能有效检测岩土中渗流的速度,分辨率达到0.05 mL/s,具有良好的灵敏度、准确性和重复性,适用于大部分岩土中的渗流测量。


Study on thermal seepage measurement in rock and soil
ZHANG Chao, LI Qing, CHENG Yifeng, LIU Zhangjie
Institute of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, China Jiliang University, Hangzhou 310018, China
Abstract: The osmotic pressure meter is (mainly) used to measure the infiltration (pore) water pressure inside rock and soil, and then the seepage monitoring is performed. The measurement is scalar, and there is a poor dynamic response, small range, non- Direct measurement and other defects are difficult to meet the needs of monitoring and development of seepage in rock and soil; in view of this, a remote online flow meter based on the principle of thermal diffusion is designed; it consists of power module, temperature detection module, constant power heating module, and display module (Partial composition); three-wire platinum resistance constant current source temperature measurement circuit detects the temperature difference between the two ends of the influent water, the test results are returned to the display to the STM32 and passed through the RS-485 to the host for data analysis; experimental results show that the flow meter can be implemented on-line monitoring the seepage in rock and soil and it can effectively detect the velocity of seepage in rock and soil, with a resolution of 0.05 mL/s. It has good sensitivity, accuracy and repeatability, and is suitable for the seepage measurement of most types of rock and soil.
Keywords: rock and soil;seepage;micro measurement;heat transfer
2019, 45(7):92-96  收稿日期: 2018-06-13;收到修改稿日期: 2018-07-25
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFC0804604);浙江省重点研发计划项目(2018C03040)
作者简介: 张超(1994-),男,内蒙古包头市人,硕士研究生,专业方向为检测技术
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